CJEU Judicial Transparency

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Judicial Transparency - M


Project Title

The “AccessInfo Project” on Judicial Transparency 


Project aims

1. Lodge a complaint with the European Ombudsman in relation to the lack of transparency surrounding the selection of justices of the European Court of Justice.

2. In collaboration with the EUI Law in Action Project, prepare and submit access to documents requests in various EU Member States.



Considering that some countries hold televised hearings when selecting justices for their supreme courts, there is an astonishing lack of transparency around the selection of candidates for the Courts of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”). Every time a judge is to be appointed to the Courts of Justice of the European Union, a special panel (“255 Committee”) comprised of former judges issues an opinion on the suitability of the candidate. This opinion (“255 Opinion”) is not released to the public and is only communicated to the Member States. In 2014, the Clinic students used the EU access to documents regime to try to get hold of these opinions. Students were, however, rebuffed by the Council of the EU (which holds the opinions). In 2015, working for Access Info Europe, Clinic students drafted a complaint to the EU Ombudsman. Simultaneously, they requested access to the very same 255 Opinions at the national level via Member State access to document regimes (in Poland, Austria, Germany and the Netherlands).




Access Info Europe is a human rights organisation dedicated to promoting and protecting the right of access to information in Europe as a tool for defending civil liberties and human rights, for facilitating public participation in decision making, and for holding governments accountable.


Lead Scientific Advisor

Professor Alberto Alemanno (HEC Paris, NYU Law School)